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The Reign of Louis XIV. Mr. Walker. Religious Wars. St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre Huguenots slaughtered by Catholics Catherine de Medici’s daughter marring Huguenot prince – Henry of Navarre Most nobles died, Henry survives Henry IV – Had to Rebuild France

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The reign of louis xiv

The Reign of Louis XIV

Mr. Walker


Religious wars
Religious Wars

  • St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

    • Huguenots slaughtered by Catholics

    • Catherine de Medici’s daughter marring Huguenot prince – Henry of Navarre

    • Most nobles died, Henry survives

  • Henry IV – Had to Rebuild France

    • Pressured into converting to Catholicism

    • Tries to help France more

    • Edict of Nantes

      • “Declared Huguenots could live in peace in France”

    • Some liked him (peace) some didn’t (religion)

    • Assassinated – Stabbed in a carriage



Louis xiii
Louis XIII

  • Henry IV’s son – Weak ruler

  • Appointed Cardinal Richelieu (RISH•uh•loo)

    • Real Ruler of France

    • Took Action vs. Protestants – No Walls

    • No More Castles for Nobles

    • Increased Power of Gov’t Agents – Middle Class

    • Wanted World Power – Hapsburgs (Powerful Family)

      • Gets Involved in the Thirty Years’ War



French writers
French Writers

  • Skepticism

    • “Idea that nothing can be known for certain”

  • Michel de Montaigne

    • Essay

      • “Brief written work that expresses a person’s thoughts and opinions.”

    • New beliefs replace old ones – Never have absolute knowledge

  • René Descartes

    • “Father of Modern Philosophy” (and Math too…)

    • Scientific Method

    • “I think, therefore, I am”




Louis xiv s reign
Louis XIV’s Reign

  • Most Powerful Ruler in French History

  • 14-years old

    • Cardinal Mazarin (Maz•uh•RAN)

      • Ended the Thirty Years’ War

      • Taxes & Strengthened Cent. Gov’t

      • Many People Hated Him for This (Nobles)

      • Attempt a Rebellion, but Fail

        • 1 – Distrusted leaders more than Mazarin

        • 2 – Violent Repression

        • 3 – Peasants Hated Fighting – Alternative (Rebellion) Was Worse

    • Key to Who Louis is…




Louis xiv
Louis XIV

  • Louis = 22 when Mazarin dies

  • Weakened Noble Power

    • Excluded From Councils

    • Intendants

      • “Government Agents/Tax Collectors/Police”

  • Economic Growth

    • Jean Baptiste Colbert (kawl•BEHR)

    • Minister of Finance

    • Believed in Mercantilism

    • Wanted France to be self-sufficient, no imports




Colbert
Colbert

  • Tax Breaks and $$ to French Companies

  • Very High Tariffs

  • Encouraged French Colonies in Canada

  • After Colbert’s Death, Louis Repeals Edict of Nantes

    • Thousands of Huguenots Flee Country (Skilled Workers & Businessmen)


The sun king
The Sun King

  • 8:30 Wake-up Call

  • 100 Nobles - 4 Help Him Dress

  • Keeps Nobles at Versailles

    • Keeps Power With Intendants

    • Grand Style – Showed Wealth and Power

  • Changes Art

    • No Longer to Glorify God – Middle Ages

    • No Longer to Glorify Human Potential – Renaissance

    • Glorify King and Absolute Rule



War time
War Time

  • Louis invades neighbors to the west

  • Success makes him want to go north

  • Not as successful, flood countryside

  • European-wide alliance

    • League of Augsburg

    • Austria, Sweden, and Spain = France

  • Poor harvests, war, high taxes


Succession
Succession

  • Charles II of Spain – childless

  • Promise throne to Philip of Anjou

    • Louis XIV’s Grandson

  • HUGE power

  • War of the Spanish Succession - 1701

    • “War when England, Austria, Dutch Rep., Portugal, German and Italian states try to prevent union of French and Spanish throne.”

  • 1714 – Treaty of Utrecht

    • Philip can keep the throne, but can’t be united

    • Britain gets Gibraltar – Mediterranean entrance


Louis death
Louis’ Death

  • Sad years, apologized to people

  • Cheered his death

  • Mixed legacy

    • Times of great power

    • Military leader of Europe

    • Warfare

    • Versailles – debt

    • Abuse of power

  • His ideas did not die however…

  • Prussia and Austria on deck…


This said that all huguenots could live in peace in france louis xiv later repealed it
This said that all Huguenots could live in peace in France, Louis XIV later repealed it.

  • Treaty of Utrecht

  • Treaty of Tordesillas

  • Edict of Nantes

  • Divine Right


The reign of louis xiv
I helped Louis XIII run France and was responsible for getting France involved in the Thirty Years’ War.

  • Jean Baptiste Colbert

  • Cardinal Richelieu

  • Cardinal Mazarin

  • René Descartes


I am a skeptic i also helped develop the idea of the scientific method
I am a skeptic. I also helped develop the idea of the scientific method.

  • Jean Baptiste Colbert

  • Cardinal Richelieu

  • Cardinal Mazarin

  • René Descartes


The reign of louis xiv
I helped Louis XIV run France until he was old enough to do it himself. I pulled France out of the Thirty Years War.

  • Jean Baptiste Colbert

  • Cardinal Richelieu

  • Cardinal Mazarin

  • René Descartes


I was louis xiv s minister of finance i wanted france to be 100 self sufficient
I was Louis XIV’s Minister of Finance. I wanted France to be 100% self-sufficient.

  • Jean Baptiste Colbert

  • Cardinal Richelieu

  • Cardinal Mazarin

  • René Descartes


I became france s most powerful ruler and called myself the sun king
I became France’s most powerful ruler and called myself “The Sun King”

  • Louis XIII

  • Louis XIV

  • Henry IV

  • Henry VIII


Louis xiv s magnificent palace was called this
Louis XIV’s magnificent palace was called this “The Sun King”

  • El Escorial

  • The Sun Palace

  • Versailles

  • Palace of Westphalia


This war was to prevent the thrones of france and spain to combine
This war was to prevent the thrones of France and Spain to combine.

  • War of Spanish Succession

  • Thirty Years’ War

  • Spanish-American War

  • Seven Years’ War