Chapter 12 Section 2. Native Americans in the Southeast A. By 1820’s--100,000 Native Americans remained east of the Mississippi 1. Most in the Southeast 2. They were called “civilized” because they adapted to white man’s ways
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Native Americans in the Southeast
A. By 1820’s--100,000 Native Americans
remained east of the Mississippi
1. Most in the Southeast
2. They were called “civilized” because they adapted to white man’s ways
3. Mostly in GA,NC,SC,AL, MISS, TN
2. Cherokee Nation
A. Most were similar to whites
2. owned farms and slaves
3. had a newspaper and a written language
B. 1828 Gold was discovered on Cherokee land and now whites want the land
3. Jackson’s removal policy
A. Jackson believed the US government could tell natives where to live
B. Jackson asked congress to pass a law saying natives should move west or obey state laws
C. Many disagreed with Jackson
D. Indian Removal Act of 1838: Natives must now move West.
4. Trail of Tears
A. Whites invaded land
1. Many natives were forced to sign treaties exchanging their land for land in the west.
2. This west land became Indian Territory
B. Federal government ruled that states could not force natives to move
C. Jackson ignored the Supreme Court
D. John Ross and the majority of the Cherokees refused to leave
E. 1838 United States Army rounded up 16,000 Cherokees and forced them to leave.
1. very difficult trip in the Fall and Winter:
cold, wet and much illness
2. ¼ died on the march (4,000 Cherokee)
3. This became known as the Trail of Tears.