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Boardwork: Harmony . LTMS Department of Music. Harmony. Harmony is HOW SOUNDS BLEND TOGETHER. In music, we take the MELODY and add HARMONY to make it more interesting. Harmony. Harmony is built on scales. There are different types of scales but we focus on Major and Minor scales.

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Boardwork harmony

Boardwork: Harmony

LTMS Department of Music


Harmony
Harmony

Harmony is HOW SOUNDS BLEND TOGETHER.

In music, we take the MELODY and add HARMONY to make it more interesting.


Harmony1
Harmony

  • Harmony is built on scales.

  • There are different types of scales but we focus on Major and Minor scales.

  • Major scales sound HAPPY and minor scales sound more SAD and MYSTERIOUS


Scales 7 8
Scales (7/8)

  • All scales are built on Half steps and Whole steps. Ex. C-D is a whole step because there is a note in between « C# » C-C# is a half step.

  • There are three different types of minor scales. They are natural, harmonic and melodic.


Minor scales
MinorScales

  • Natural Minor: abides by the key signature

  • Harmonic Minor: raises the 7th note of the scale

  • Melodic Minor: Raises the 6th and 7th note going up the scale and lowers them back to their natural going down the scale.


Building a chord
Building a Chord

  • A Chord is playing two or more notes at the same time.

  • A triad is a chord that plays every other note on the staff. A triad consists of a « root » note which is the bottom note. While playing the root we also play the 3rd and 5th of the root note. If the root note is a « C » then the third is the « E » and the fifth is the « G » .

  • Along with Major and minor scales, we can also have major and minor chords.

  • Major Chords sound a little happier when minor chords sound sad.


Key signature
Key Signature

  • The key of a piece of music is a very important thing to know. It allows you to know what notes are lowered or raised in that particular piece of music.

  • The key signature is always located right after the clef sign, but before the time signature.

  • If there is not a key signature, it is in the key of C. You can remember that “C” means clear.


Boardwork harmony

The order of flats:

The first four flats in order spell the work BEAD!

The last three flats are the initials of a very familiar Math term:

Greatest Common Factor: GCF

The order of flats are BEADGCF

The order of Sharps:

if you know your flats, you know your sharps. The order of Sharps is the same as the flats only backwards.

FCGDAEB= #’S

BEADGCF= b’s


Key signatures
KEY SIGNATURES!!!!!!!!

There are two ways to find out what Key we are all playing in.

For the Flats, we locate the last flat in the key signature and go back one. The name of that flat is what key we are in.

Ex. Four flats, BEAD. The last flat is D. The second to the last flat is A. We are in the key of Ab.


Boardwork harmony

KEY SIGNATURE PRACTICE

NAME THE KEY:

1. 2.

3. 4.


Boardwork harmony

For the Sharps, we locate the last sharp and raise is by one half step.

Ex. There are 2 sharps in the key. F and C. The last sharp is C#. We raise that note by one half step up to D.

Ex. We have 3 Sharps. F, C, G. The last sharp is G#. We raise G# up one half step to the key of A!