Chapter 4 the great encounter
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Chapter 4: The Great Encounter. Part 1: The Spanish Come To Utah. Assignment. Write down 10 important facts in the form of sentences about this chapter during the presentation Or Draw 5 pictures with titles above them based on what we talk about today. Or

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Chapter 4 the great encounter

Chapter 4: The Great Encounter

Part 1: The Spanish Come To Utah


  • Write down 10 important facts in the form of sentences about this chapter during the presentation


  • Draw 5 pictures with titles above them based on what we talk about today.


  • Write down 10 important questions that you still have after hearing this presentation.


  • Write down 2 paragraphs that you could summarize what we talked about today.

The utes meet father escalante
The Utes Meet Father Escalante

  • The “Great Encounter” was a time when different groups of American Indians had to deal with the foreign people who came onto their land, and who eventually stayed and changed the Indian lifestyle forever.

  • In what ways do you think that this encounter could have changed the way the Indians lived?

  • How could it change the Spanish and future explorers?

Ways in which change happens
Ways in which change happens

  • There were many peaceful encounters, but there were also conflicts. The Spanish explorers, mountain men, and pioneers all brought new diseases to the Indian peoples that were devastating to the population.

  • The Spanish brought Horses, Guns, and trade

  • The natives showed the Spanish how to find food, and how to communicate and trade with them.

Dominguez and escalante
Dominguez and Escalante

  • Two Catholic priests

  • Their mission was to find a better route from Santa Fe to Monterey. They tried to avoid Arizona because they had heard that the natives were hostile. They traveled North from New Mexico through Colorado and Utah. They make their journey in 1776.

  • What was important about this year for Americans?

  • Why would this route be a slower way to Monterey?


  • 1776 was a year that the colonies of America declared their independence. The 4th of July, 1776.

  • Monterey is clearly faster to reach through Arizona. The land is not as harsh in Arizona as it is in Nevada as well. They took a great risk in going North. The Grand Canyon is another obstacle if they wanted to return. You can see this on page 63.

The trip
The Trip

  • Dominguez and Escalante kept a journal of the trip. This is still available today, and gives great information about the land and the people that was used by many explorers in the future such as Brigham Young.

  • The Spanish met up with the natives and had some positive and negative encounters.

  • Escalante’s journal tells us that they taught the Indians “how to farm and raise livestock, whereby they would then have everything necessary in food and clothing.”

A wide river and a new guide
A wide river and a new guide

  • They spoke of a rive called Rio San Buenaventura.

  • It was part of a belief in a river that flowed to the ocean called the Northwest Passage

  • This was actually the Green River

  • Jose Maria, guide for the Spanish, was a Timpanogot Ute.

End of a journey
End of a Journey

  • An early winter stopped the explorers from going on to Monterey. Sloshing through snow and mud, they finally reached the Grand Canyon. This obviously stopped them, and they walked Southeast back to Santa Fe.

  • Was their journey a success?

  • What can you learn from their journey about what success means?


  • What does it mean to be successful?

  • Is success only judged on what you did today? Can you have a success that you will not see for years or in your lifetime.?

  • Teachers understand this in great detail.

  • Success is always measured according to the interpretation and perspective of the person.

  • You can choose to be successful today.